What is Dry Eyes, its Causes, Symptoms & Treatments


Eyes are our gateway to the outside world; eyes are the body’s most highly sophisticated sensory organs; about 80% of the information we gather daily comes from our sensory systems; it is one of the critical components of learning that facilitates growth and development. There is a famous expression, “Eyes Are the Windows to The Soul,” meaning the deep connection that one can feel or develop by just looking into another’s eyes. It is one of the best mediums that humans use for expressing emotions and a wide range of feelings.

Like any other organs in our body, our eyes are prone to stress and injury and can lose their full potential if proper care is not taken. However, natural conditions can hamper our eyes’ normal functioning; one such condition is the Dry Eye. It is a rare phenomenon where the eyelids cannot produce an adequate amount of tears; this can further lead to inflammation and may damage the eye surface in the long run. To understand how it is caused, we need to understand the different components of tears, that is:

  • Mucus for evenly spreading
  • Water for moisture
  • Oils for lubrication
  • Antibodies that keep infections away

Any malfunctioning in Meibomian Gland can cause dry eyes. In most cases, the primary cause of dry eyes is the Lacrimal gland’s failure to produce enough watery liquids.

Common causes of Dry Eyes are as follows

  • Natural Aging
  • Side Effects of certain drugs
  • Certain Diseases
  • Conditions that don’t allow your eyelids to be closed

Now that we have understood the normal causes of Dry Eye, we need to look at the common symptoms that act as a warning sign:

  • Burning or scratchy sensation in your eyes
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Redness of the Eye
  • Blurred vision or eye fatigue

So, if you are having any of these symptoms, you don’t need to worry. Thankfully there are effective treatment options available. In most cases, your Eye doctor in Westchester recommends using artificial tears and minor behavioral modifications that can significantly reduce dry eye symptoms. And if this method of treatment doesn’t work, you don’t need to worry. There are multiple treatment procedures available out there, and the most common are as follows:

  • Lacrimal plugs
  • Medications
  • Surgery
  1. Lacrimal plugs – These are used to block the drainage holes in the corners of your eyes, depending on your severity, it can be temporary or a permanent solution.
  2. Medications – We all prefer pills over any other form of treatment. In this case, the most prescribed medicine for dry eye syndrome is an anti-inflammatory drug that increases tears flow without causing any damage to the cornea.
  3. Surgery – This procedure is for severe dry eye syndrome; when any treatment mentioned above doesn’t work, your doctor may recommend surgery.

The bottom line is even if you have Dry Eyes, you don’t need to get panic as in most cases it is treatable, you need consult the Best Eye Doctor in Westchester, maintain a healthy diet, healthy lifestyle, daily exercise and proper nutrition can help keep your eyes functioning properly.


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