Thalassemia: The Disease and it’s Treatment Procedures

thalassemia treatment in india

Thalassemia is a form of illness or disease that is mainly genetic and inherited from the birth itself. It is a disorder which leads to depletion of blood in the human body and contains an abnormal form of haemoglobin. This illness lessons the protein molecule from red blood cells which carries oxygen in the body. An extensive demolition of blood loss and red blood cells can be witnessed highly leading a person to be anemic. A person loses the potential and body’s normal functioning of producing new red blood cells.

There is a slimming of production of protein molecules that makes haemoglobin for the body to function properly and hinder other body parts to operate basic organic processes. World Thalassemia day is observed on May 8 every year.



Generally there are minor symptoms but when suffered severely it includes indications that can be seen and felt. Symptoms comprises of Fatigue, overtiredness, emotional distress, paleness and slow growth. Iron overload in the body can also be witnessed in the blood test. A person feels really lethargic and exhausted because of lack of oxygen in the body with the same.

An individual may experience lack of appetite, dark urine, yellow skin and eyes and shortness of breath or respiration problemsand also facial bone damage. Loss of energy and weakness is observed.The onset is very slightly in nature. Personal growth in adolescence is disturbed. Females experience periods on frequent basis.



Thalassemia is caused by a structural alteration in DNA transformation from parents to offspring. The mutation process is hindered and occurs lackof haemoglobin count.Inheritance leads to less formation of red blood cells than a normal rate. Minor symptoms are caused in a person if one of the parents is a carriersee you may have of what is called as Thalassemia minor. With this you won’t have any severe symptoms or no symptoms at all.

The type of Thalassemia depends on the genes heired to children by biological parents as they are considered to be carriers.Certain key gene fragments are deleted in the process.

There are generally two types of Thalassemia: Beta and Alpha.



Anemia and abnormal haemoglobin can be diagnosed by doctor taking blood samples being tested in labs. Oddly shaped and different structural cells can be noticed under the medical observation which is a sign of Thalassemia.

Haemoglobin electrophoresis test is recommended to find out about the disease to identify abnormal red blood cells. Mostly children shows early signs in the first two years of birth. Delayed puberty and thyroid hormones can be spottedwith this too.  Heart complications can occur after the age of 30 years.



Treatment is highly dependable on mild or severe symptoms and the outlook of the condition.

Major contingency plans to be considered based on type and severity of the disease. A particular case and treatment should be done under experienced doctor’s consultation. It includes:

  • Medications and supplements
  • Suitable Blood transfusions
  • Stem iron chelation
  • Bone marrow transplant
  • Gall bladder or Spleen removal

Advisable to take medical aid in case of seriousness in the condition.


Thalassemia Treatment In India

India is developing into a nation of Medical Tourism and the most preferable Treatment destination around the globe with respect to budget friendly prices and variety of Treatments available with expertise. Thalassemia Treatment in India is suitable for all with respect to expenditure and handling procedures with proper hospitality. Mostly, it is advisable to get your treatment done in India with perfection and no casualties with economical prices than compared to other countries like US, UK where doctors chargehumongous amounts.

India’s health care sector has a prominent reputation in medical hands and also shares high end services in private hospitals and utility solutions to every medical condition that prevails. You may check out various procedures and requirements from start to end to have assistance in Thalassemia Treatment In India.


Thalassemia TreatmentCost In India

We welcome tourists for medical procedures with a lot of dedication and care. Doctor’s assistance and Thalassemia Treatment in India costs around approximately from (20,000 USD-25000 USD)that is (INR 15,00,000- INR 18,00,000).

The Ordinary Thalassemia Treatment Cost in India is usually low compared to same treatments in other countries.Appropriate potential donor can be found out for BMT ( Bone marrow transplant) and regular tests of blood samples are taken of compatible contributor.


Selection of diet

Nutritional Deficiencies are usual with this kind. Patients should consume low iron diet who are going through blood transfusion process.

  • Limit in iron rich foodie fish or meat.
  • A low fat and a plant based diet.
  • Avoid cereals, breads and juices as they contain high level of iron.
  • Eat dark leafy green vegetables and legumes rich in Vitamin-B.
  • Drink black tea
  • Avoid smoking and alcohol.
  • Intake of foods with Vitamin-C is recommended.
  • Avoid dates, raisins , beans.



Family history is the major key point to look on for the detection of disease and also to cope with the situation. To have a pre treatment testbefore reproduction is advised. Lack of blood and iron deficiency are the major concerns to be throw light on while talking about Thalassemia. Mild symptoms in Thalassemia can be treated well before hand and the severity of the disease decides the basis of treatment. However this condition leads to anemia. Prepone consultancy is advised for the parents and proper awareness should be inculcated. It is very much treatable by a medical professional and treatment varies. This usually occurs more with pregnant women. The treatment guidance can be taken from Hematologist or Pathologists. The goal of treatment is to increase the amount of oxygen that your blood transfers throughout the body.It is crucial to maintain a healthy diet through out and special precautions are taken before the birth of a child to take necessary tests. It is advised to take doctor’s guidance all along the procedure and maintain a normal life. It is frequently observed in the population of  Asia, middle East, Africa and countries like Turkey and Greece.



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