STROKE IN A NUTSHELL

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Stroke, a common neurological disorder that affects the functioning of your brain depending on which section of the brain has been affected. Stroke can be basically categorized into ischemic if there’s an obstruction in blood supply due to clots or hemorrhagic if there is a rupture of a blood vessel supplying to the brain.

Worldwide, it is estimated that 15million people have a stroke each year out of which one-third die, and the other one-third are left with a significant disability. There are multiple health conditions associated with strokes and the majority might occur in someone with one or more of the risk factors. The sad story behind this is that 60% are unaware of the risks of stroke and they might only learn of it only after their stroke. A person who takes a preventive approach towards his health may avert this drastic life change and this might support a state of wellness.

What disabilities can be resulted from a stroke?

Stroke damage in the brain can affect the entire body which might result in mild to severe disability. These might include paralysis, problems with thinking, speaking along with emotional problems.

Stroke Symptoms

  • Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg ( can be any side of the body).
  • State of confusion, trouble in speaking, or understanding speech.
  • Eyesight issues (one or both the eyes might be affected)
  • Trouble in walking, loss of balance or coordination or even dizziness.
  • Severe headaches due to unknown reasons.

Risk Factors For Stroke

What’s noticed that the more risk factor you are open to, the chances of you having a stroke are more. Risk factors might include:

Diet

Maintaining an unhealthy diet might increase the risk of a stroke. An unhealthy diet includes:

  • Salt
  • Saturated Fats
  • Transfats
  • Cholesterol

Inactivity

If your body is inactive or lacks exercise then the risks of having a stroke are higher. Get at least Regular exercise can result in numerous health benefits. It’s recommended that adults get 2.5 hours of aerobic exercise every week. This might also include a simple brisk walk a few times a week.

Alcohol Consumption

The risk of stroke might also increase due to the excessive consumption of alcohol. Alcohol consumption is okay if done in moderation. This refers to not more than one drink for women and not more than two drinks for men. Having more than that may result in an increase in blood pressure levels along with triglyceride levels which may result in atherosclerosis.

Tobacco Usage

Tobacco consumption might also lead to an increase in the risk factor of a stroke as it damages your blood vessels and heart. This is further increased when smoking, as your blood pressure rises when you use nicotine.

 Personal Background

There are a few personal risk factors that are not under your control. Stroke risks can also be linked to your:

  • Family History
  • Sex
  • Age
  • Race & Ethnicity

Stroke is a leading cause of long-term disability. According to the National Stroke Association, 10 percent of stroke survivors make a complete recovery, while there is 25 percent of them recover with only minor impairments. The team of experts at the stroke rehabilitation center can help you in stabilizing your condition by assessing the effects of the stroke with the underlying factors and thus beginning therapy to regain your affected skill. Stroke recovery majorly focuses on these three areas:

  • Speech Therapy

A stroke can affect your speech and language impairment. A therapist can help you relearn how to speak. After a stroke, if there’s any issue with regard to verbal communication, then therapists will help you find new ways for communication.

  • Cognitive Therapy

After a stroke, survivors may face difficulty in their thinking and reasoning abilities. This may lead to their behavioral or mood change. In such cases, occupational therapists can help you regain those former patterns of thinking and behavior along with gaining control over your emotional responses.

  • Physical Therapy

After you have undergone a stroke attack your muscular tone and strength might be lost which might impact your body movement. A physical therapist helps you regain your lost strength or might even find ways to adjust those limitations.

Rehabilitation like these can be taken place at a rehab clinic, skilled nursing home, or even at your home.

How can you prevent a stroke?

Stroke can be prevented by altering your lifestyles and by including the following:

  • Maintaining a healthy diet.
  • Maintaining an appropriate weight and BMI
  • Regular exercising
  • Avoiding alcohol
  • Quit smoking
  • Keeping a tab on cholesterol level.
  • Controlling Blood Pressure
  • Managing Diabetes

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