What is oculoplastic eye surgery?
Oculoplastic surgery, ophthalmic plastic surgery, or simply oculoplastics is a term used to cover a broad range of surgical procedures to correct problems with the eye. The procedures mainly counter the eye socket issues known as orbit, tear ducts, eyelids, and face. Eye reconstruction, along with the associated structures, is also a part of oculoplastics.
Falling under ophthalmology, it is a specialized field of medical science that deals with reconstructive and plastic surgery. The surgery is done to correct eye problems, like drooping eyelids (known as ptosis), tumors and cysts on eyelids, orbital fractures and other issues, thyroid eye disease, and artificial eye. The branch also entails cosmetic surgery of eyebrows and other aesthetic treatments, such as botox (botulinum toxic injections) and blepharoplasty.
All in all, oculoplastic surgery is done for functional and cosmetic reasons.
What are the major oculoplastic procedures?
The best oculoplastic surgeon in India performs various surgical processes to deal with many problems of the eyes. Oculoplastic procedures treat a plethora of eye disorders, including-
It is a condition in which the upper and lower eyelids turn inwards. Hence, the eyelashes and skin rub against the eyes.
In this condition, the lower eyelids sag and turn outwards, exposing the eyeball.
It is a condition characterized by drooping of upper eyelids. Brow ptosis is another condition that falls under oculoplastic procedures, which is characterized by drooping of eyebrows.
- Eyelid growths
The surgery involves treating benign and malignant growths on eyelids or face.
It is a common eye condition marked by excess fat or eyelid skin above and below the eyes.
It involves the treatment of benign and malignant tumors of the eyes, orbit, or eyelids.
- Blocked tear ducts
It is characterized by blockage of tear ducts resulting from illness, injury, or birth.
- Issues with canthus
Surgeries, including cantholysis, canthoplasty, canthopexy (surgical cleaving of canthus, plastic surgery, and surgical fixation of canthus, respectively), are done to treat the canthus’s problems. Another oculoplastic procedure done to treat canthus’s problems is canthorrhaphy, which is characterized by suturing outer canthus to reduce palpebral fissure.
Reconstructive surgery is performed to correct problems with the eyelid, orbit, or eye caused due to injury.
- Eye removal
Eye removal surgeries include enucleation (removing eye, except for eye muscles and orbital innards), evisceration (removing contents of the eye, except for sclera shell), and exenteration (removing orbital contents).
- Cosmetic surgery
The cosmetic surgical procedures falling under oculoplastic surgery include cosmetic correction of eyelids (both upper and lower), facial fillers, injectables, and cosmetic facelift procedures.
What are the risks associated with oculoplastic surgery?
Oculoplastic surgery entails certain risks. They include,
- Visual impairment (rare complication)
- Wound dehiscence
- Globe perforation (it may happen while injecting local anesthesia)
- Overcorrection (rare complication)
What to expect from oculoplastic surgery?
Local anesthesia or general anesthesia or is given to the patient, as decided by the surgeon. Some surgeons also put special contact lenses on the eyes of their patients during the surgery. The lenses protect eyes and also safeguard them from exposure to the bright lights of the surgical room.
In the majority of cases, oculoplastic surgeons let their patients go home the same day post-surgery.
Oculoplastic surgery is a highly-specialized field of medical science. The experienced oculoplastic surgeons perform these highly complicated surgeries to help their patients with ocular problems or for cosmetic purposes.
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