Knee Replacement Surgery: What is it?


Knee replacement surgery is a surgical method to treat pain and damage to the knee joints. It is also known as knee arthroplasty and helps relieve chronic pain and swelling of the knees.

In this method of treatment, an orthopaedic surgeon cuts into the damaged bone and cartilage of the knee area. The doctor then removes the damaged part and replaces it with an artificial joint made of metal or high-quality plastics.

What Are The Types Of Knee Replacement Surgery?

Knee replacement surgery is of four main types depending upon the type of knee conditions one has. These are:

  • Total knee replacement- In this method, the surgeon removes the complete joint of the knee and replaces it with the artificial implant to improve mobility and flexibility of the joint.
  • Partial knee replacement- In this method, the surgeon only removes a portion of the knee which is affected by arthritis and the whole joints. It is generally performed when the patient’s ligaments are in good condition.
  • Knee-cap replacement- In this, the knee-cap is treated, and the under the surface of the knee is replaced completely.
  • Complex surgery- In this treatment procedure, severe arthritis patients with complicated conditions are treated and who have already undergone one replacement surgery done.

The cost of the treatments varies according to the place, type of hospital, type of replacement and complications of the patient.

To know about the knee replacement surgery cost in Delhi, talk to an orthopaedic surgeon or get in touch with a reputed hospital today.

Knee Replacement Duration And Designs

The approximate surgery duration is 1 to 2 hours. It could go up depending on the type of surgery and severity of the patient’s condition.

With the help of advanced technologies, surgeons can perform this operation in less time and with utmost precision. The design of the artificial implants varies as per the knee shape, size, height of the person and their weight.

What Happens In The Knee Replacement Surgery?

The surgeon will administer anaesthesia. But depending upon the patient’s condition, they will determine whether to use general or local anaesthesia. Also, the doctor will give you shots of antibiotics before and after the surgery to avoid any infection.

Then the doctor will position your knee in a certain way so that all parts of the joints are exposed. The doctor will then make the incision to remove the damaged part of the knee and replace it with the artificial joint.

Post-surgery Procedure

After the surgery is done, the patient will be taken to the recovery room. There the patient will stay up to 2 hours or more. The patient will be moved to the hospital; ward at the allotted bed. The patient may need to stay in the hospital for a couple of days before they get discharged.

The doctor will provide pain medications and antibiotics for post-surgery pain and infection.

Result Of Knee Replacement Surgery

The result of the surgery varies from person to person. One has to follow all the instructions given by the doctor to recover fast.

For detailed information on knee replacement surgery, consult with your orthopaedic and treat your arthritic knees.


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