The gynecologist is the specialist in the female genital system, contraception, pregnancy and menopause. When to consult it? How to find it? What to do before a consultation?
What does “gynecology” mean?
Etymologically, the term “gynecology” means “study of women”. Practiced by a gynecologist, this specialty is dedicated to the management of disorders of the female genital system. She takes care of menstrual or menopausal problems, contraception, diseases of the breast, uterus, ovaries, uterine tubes and external genitalia, as well as cancers in women.
What is an obstetrician-gynecologist?
Obstetric gynecology concerns the monitoring of pregnancy and childbirth. An obstetrician takes care of the woman but also of the child she is carrying, assisted by a midwife and / or a nurse. He performs examinations (ultrasounds, amniocentesis, etc.) and establishes the prenatal diagnosis.
What is the role of the gynecologist?
The Gynecologist In Islamabad is the specialist in the female genitalia, breasts and associated conditions. It should be consulted in the context of the prescription of a method of contraception, the monitoring of pregnancy and menopause.
“The consultation with the gynecologist must be done with great confidence”
When to consult?
The first consultation most often takes place at the start of sexual activity, with a view to prescribing contraception. Then, the follow-up must last a lifetime, at the rate of at least one visit per year. Apart from this, patients must consult in the event of painful periods, pelvic pain, breast pain, menstrual irregularity, or any other abnormal situation … The gynecologist is also the privileged interlocutor in the context of pregnancy and at the time of menopause .
How is a consultation?
As Dr Pia de Reilhac, President of the National Federation of Colleges of Medical Gynecology reminds us: “The consultation with the gynecologist must be done with great confidence, with first of all a discussion on the reason for the consultation, on the listening to the patient’s questions which will lead to an examination explained to the patient for a sharing of the importance of this consultation. ”
During the clinical examination, the gynecologist performs vaginal examination, palpation of the abdomen and examination of the breasts. He introduces a speculum to observe the vaginal cavity and the cervix. In a young patient, this examination is not systematically performed. Cervico-uterine smears (FCU) for cervical cancer screening are not performed until the age of 25.
How to prepare for a consultation?
All the results of previous exams are provided: mammography, blood test, last smear. It is not necessary to wax before a consultation with the gynecologist. Daily shower is sufficient and it is not advisable to use intimate toiletries before going to the appointment.
What does a gynecologist treat?
The gynecologist takes care of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), menstrual problems and screening for cancer in women. It is involved in the treatment of endometriosis, prolapse (organ descent) and symptoms related to menopause.
What exams does a gynecologist do?
The gynecologist examines the external (perineum) and internal genital organs (cervix, uterine cavity, cervical mucus), as well as the breasts. He also carries out various follow-up examinations of pregnant women.
How to become a gynecologist?
The profession of medical gynecologist or obstetrician gynecologist is accessible after the Paces (first year common to health studies) followed by five years of medical studies and four to five years of specialized training.
How to find a gynecologist?
It is possible to find a medical gynecologist or an obstetrician-gynecologist near you thanks to the health directory of the Health Insurance. Despite the introduction of the coordinated care pathway, gynecologists can be freely consulted by patients, without their having to go through their attending physician. The consultation is covered by the health insurance fund up to 70%.