Desktop Applications Development


Definition: What is Desktop Application Development?

Desktop software applications are designed to run on desktop computers (PCs) and laptops. Windows applications can be implemented as executable files or Windows Store applications. MacOS applications are usually distributed through Apple Store and Linux applications as installable files.

Many frameworks and languages ​​are used to build desktop applications. They can be classified according to the platform they support or all platform technologies, as well as the programming languages ​​and libraries used.

The original application is a software application designed for use on a specific platform or device (macOS – Objective C or Windows – .Net, C #). Native applications are written with code that is temporarily used for the target device and operating system.

A cross-platform application is an application that can run on Windows, Macintosh, and Linux / Unix platforms with little or no modification without compromising functionality, usability, or quality.

Nestons can help you develop desktop software for Windows, macOS and Linux.

Windows: .NET (WPF or WinForms), C # or VB.NET, UWP C ++ and also C ++ and Qt Framework
MacOS: Objective C Java
Linux: Electron C ++
Unity Framework (.NET)
Python (Python, QT, GTK and others)
Development of native and cross-platform applications
Advantages of native applications:

Extended functionality with underlying device features.
Faster and more responsive software performance.
The user interface is more suited to the user experience of the operating system.
It uses native frames which are usually updated with the operating system functions and instructions.

Disadvantages of native applications:

Support for multiple codes, as each device has its own version of the application.
Additional cost for other developers to create and maintain a code base for each platform.
The time taken to release multiple standalone platforms in each feature update.
Run an independent regression test cycle for each platform.
Why cross-platform development is sometimes better than native development:

Similar logic and interface If the same software is to be used on different platforms and the software must have the same interface, it must definitely be considered as a cross-platform development job.
Reduced lead times Development times have almost halved. When working with cross-platform development tools, the changes apply to one code only, not two or more original projects, which reduces the time required for debugging. The end result is that the delivery of new versions is faster and easier.
The most efficient platform development and update is fast, and the quality can be maintained with a relatively small team.
The most effective cross-platform development has a vulnerability. Development is used in the framework itself. If such a picture is bad, the project is bad. That is why it is very important to choose a truly sustainable and proven solution.

Desktop Application Development Tools for Windows

If you only need support for the Windows platform, the preferred technology in this case is .NET (WPF or WinForms). C # is the most popular programming language in this framework.

UWP is a relatively new technology for Windows. The goal of the Universal Windows Platform (UWP) is to help develop generic applications that run on Windows 10, Windows 10 Mobile, Xbox One, and HoloLens without having to rewrite each platform.

Other cross-platform software development technologies supported by Windows are described below.

Desktop developer tools for Mac
Objective C and Cocoa are the most popular programming languages ​​and frameworks of MacOS. The software platform development technologies supported by Windows are also described below.

Desktop Development Tools for Linux / Unix
C ++ is the most popular programming language for developing native Linux applications. Cross-platform software development technologies, also supported by Windows, are described below.

Multi-tiered desktop application development tools
C ++ and QT Framework is a very popular language and framework for developing platform applications.

Electron is a new framework that is gaining popularity because it allows us to create office applications using JavaScript and React.

Java is a language that covers most developers and many platforms. While it is losing popularity for desktop applications with user interface requirements.

Unity (.NET) is very popular in game-like interfaces and games.

Python is still popular, but it is mainly used in applications where user interface requirements are less stringent.


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